Compiled by Rav Rahmiel Drizin
R. Eli Mansour writes:The three-week period between Shiva Asar Be’Tamuz and TishaB’Ab is known as “Ben Ha’mesarim,” during which we observecertain practices to mourn the destruction of the Bet Ha’mikdash.The Arizal (Rabbi Yishak Luria, 1534-1572) wrote that it is properduring this period for “Hasidim Ve’anshe Ma’ase” (particularlypious and devoted people) to recite each day the “Tikun Rahel”section of the “Tikun Hasot” prayer, which us printed in manySiddurim. The “Tikun Rahel” contains many verses describing thedestruction of the Bet Ha’mikdash, and its recitation thus helps puta person in the proper frame of mind for this period of mourning.Many recite this service each night throughout the year as part ofthe “Tikun Hasot” prayer, but the Arizal held that it is proper torecite it as well every afternoon during the three weeks betweenShiva Asar Be’Tamuz and Tisha B’Ab. The recitation should takeplace from Hasot (midday as defined by Halacha) until the pointof “Minha Ketana” in the late-afternoon hours. This practice isalso mentioned by the Hida (Rabbi Haim Yosef David Azulai,1724-1806), in his works Yosef Ometz and More Be’esba.Hacham Ben Sion Abba Shaul (Israel, 1924-1998) ruled that oneshould not recite “Tikun Rahel” on days marking joyous occasions,such as on Friday afternoon, when we prepare to welcome theShabbat, as well as Shabbat itself. It should likewise be omittedon Rosh Hodesh Ab and on Ereb Rosh Hodesh Ab. On days whena person omits Tahanun due to a personal celebration, such asa Mohel (person performing a circumcision), a Sandak (one whoholds the child during circumcision) and the father of a child onthe day of a circumcision, one should omit “Tikun Rahel,” as well.The festive nature of these occasions requires omitting the somberrecitation of “Tikun Rahel,” which, as mentioned, speaks of thetragedy of the Temple’s destruction.Furthermore, one should not recite “Tikun Rahel” during theafternoon of Tisha B’Ab, when we begin turning our attentionaway from mourning and toward our hopes and anticipation ofredemption. Since at this time we focus on the prospect ofredemption rather than on the tragedy of the destruction, it isinappropriate to recite “Tikun Rahel.”One should not mistakenly think that this practice is reserved forKabbalists or great scholars. Reciting “Tikun Rahel” during thethree weeks is a most beneficial practice for all people, as it setsthe mood and puts one in the proper mindset for the period ofmourning. Reading these verses can be very inspiring and bringa person to a greater appreciation of the tragedy of the Temple’sdestruction, and to a more profound sense of loss. It should benoted that during the three weeks in Yeshivat Porat Yosef, afterthe first learning session in the early afternoon all the students siton the floor and recite “Tikun Rahel.” This is thus a practice thatall people should observe, in order to enhance one’s awareness ofthe immense tragedy of the Hurban (destruction).
Here are Kavanot of Amidah Beyn HaMetzarim